Type 1 diabetes is a disease that affects one for their entire life. This sickness can cause out of nowhere without any warning signs. Since it often strikes when a person is child or an adolescent, this is also commonly known as Juvenile diabetes, whose name may be deceiving.
While juveniles are most commonly affected, and people under 30 are most at risk, adults and senior citizens run the risk of developing Type 1 diabetes as well.
Diabetes Type 1: Cause
Diabetes Type 1 occurs when the pancreas’ beta cells produce little to no insulin. Insulin is a hormone that lets the sugar glucose to enter cells of the body. When a cell receives glucose, it uses it as fuel. When a person has lowered insulin, the glucose that is supposed to be sent out to fuel the body’s cells begins to increase in the bloodstream.
Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes occur When high levels of insulin in the bloodstream are unable to be consumed by the body, increased hunger can occur as the body desires for the energy it needs. These high glucose levels in the bloodstream make the suffering person feel an increased urge to urinate. This, in turn, makes a person excessively thirsty.
Type 1 Diabetes: Damage of Beta Cells
After having diabetes for anywhere from 5 years to 10 years, the beta cells that create insulin may be completely damaged with any possibility for repair. The body stops producing insulin, and the person inflicting with diabetes is forced to rely completely on a remote insulin source.
While we know much of the functions of diabetes, we are still left in the dark concerning what causes it to occur. As a chronic illness, type 1 diabetes is the least common form of diabetes, accounting for around 3 percent of all new cases. 1 in 7,000 children are affected every year.
Diabetes Type 1 and Blood Sugar Level
If diagnosed with diabetes type 1, there are a host of issues that a person needs to address. By pricking of the finger or using other source of blood, glucose levels need to be monitored as often as 6 times per day. If the levels are too high, diabetes patients face the problem of a hyperglycemic reaction.
Type 1 Diabetes and Blood Glucose Level
Consequently, if blood glucose levels are too low, the patient with type 1 diabetes runs the risk of a hypoglycemic reaction. For this reason, besides monitoring the levels, diabetes victims need to preserve their glucose through injections of insulin, a proper diet, and exercise.
Low blood glucose levels can be increased by eating something with sugar. Soda and fruit juice are two commonly used sources for a low glucose level. If the glucose in the bloodstream is too high, more specific actions need to be taken that require a trip to the hospital. If not addressed properly high glucose levels can cause a poisoning of the blood.
Type 1 Diabetes: Caution
Type 1 Diabetes, the people suffering with this disease are having huge responsibilities to take on when taking care of their condition. Watching glucose levels are of extreme importance, and taking suitable insulin doses, as well as changing your diet and doing exercise to fit your body are significant steps to survive with this chronic illness.